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Glossary-D, E


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Distillation:

Distillation by steam is the most commonly-used process for the production of essential oils. In this procedure, steam flows through the distillation material and sweeps the essential oils along with it. After cooling, the distillation water is separated from the essential oil in so-called Florentine flasks.

Dry:

It’s the term for the odor-effect, the reverse o "sweet" or "warm", achieved through the use o ingredients such as woods, mosses, herbs and sc on. Dry notes are used mainly in masculine per fumes and are particularly useful as fresh, day time fragrances.

Eau De Cologne (EDC):

Originally the name applied to light refreshing Citrus scented fragrance, also see Cologne. Now, more widely used to relate to a solution of about 3% Perfume compound in an alcohol/water base and is much lighter than a concentrated perfume.

Eau de Parfum (EDP):

An alcoholic perfume solution containing 10 to 15% perfume compound.

Eau de Toilette (EDT):

An alcohol/water based perfume solution containing 3 to 8 % perfume compound.

Earthy:

It’s the adjective used to describe the fragrance impression of earth, forest-soil, mold, dust, etc. Earthy accents in perfumes are not pronounced, always subtle.

Encapsulation:

To encapsulate, in the perfume industry sense of the word, means to enclose perfume oils in tiny gelatin capsules. These capsules can be applied to the skin together with an alcoholic perfume. When the skin is rubbed, the capsules are broken and the scent of the oil is released, "renewing" the perfume. Tests involving this method of perfuming have been made with textiles.

Enfleurage:

It’s a process for the extraction of valuable plant extracts. Plates of glass, covered on both sides with animal fat into which blossoms have been pressed, are placed on wooden frames. Spent blossoms are constantly replaced until saturated with fragrance substance. Then, he blossom oil is separated from the fat through extraction. This procedure is rarely used today, because it is so costly.

Erotic:

Perfumes which, in addition to their general leasing and harmonious qualities, are also accented. With warm animal notes in combination with certain flower oils, are said to have an erotic effect. Much depends on the user, though-and he circumstances!

Essences:

These are alcoholic or aqueous plant extracts. They are hardly ever used in the perfume industry today, but they are widely employed in the cosmetic and flavor industries.

Essential Oils:

(Ethereal) Oils are extracted from various plant parts through pressing or steam distillation. They are natural mixtures of various chemical substances. Unlike fatty oils, they evaporate without leaving a residue.

Evaluation:

It means the selection of fragrances, for a specific purpose, from a number of available alternatives. In recent years a whole new profession has emerged in the perfume industry consisting of experts who specialize in this work. They are known as evaluators. Evaluation is work which requires not only talent, knowledge and training, but also a feeling for what the market wants at any particular time. The evaluators (women, in many instances) are an important link between the creators and the users of perfumes.

Expression:

It is an especially mild process for the extraction of essential oils, used in cases where steam distillation would modify or damage the end-product. Expression is used mainly for the extraction of citrus oils.

Extrait:

The most concentrated form of perfume sold over the counter. It is a solution of 15 % -30 % perfume oil in high-grade alcohol.



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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